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The Philippines is composed of more than 7,100 islands and this highly archipelagic nature has given rise to great species diversity and endemism. It has been identified as one of 17 megadiverse countries and one of the 25 global biodiversity hotspots. Out of a population of 85 milion, 12 million people are considered indigenous, a population which includes approximately 110 different ethnolinguistic groups or "cultural communities".