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Kenya has diverse regions, ranging from low plains to central highlands, with the Great Rift Valley, a highly fertile plateau, to the east. Kenya's forests are of significant environmental importance, containing 50% of the nation's tree species, 40% of the larger mammals and 30% of the birds. Kenya also contains the infamous "big five" animals of Africa: the lion, leopard, buffalo, rhinoceros and elephant. Community- and privately-conserved areas have proved far more successful at conserving Kenya's valuable wildlife populations than the country's other protected areas.