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Fiji, one of the most species-rich countries among the Pacific Islands, comprises 322 volcanic, limestone and sand clay islands surrounded by an estimated 1,000 different coral reef ecosystems, and has one of the highest rates of endemism in the Pacific region. Fiji has a strong community-based resource management tradition, with the majority of land held under customary titles by indigenous Fijians, and has paved the way for integrated conservation efforts addressing both land- and sea-based environmental issues.