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The Gambia

The Republic of Gambia (commonly referred to as ‘The Gambia’) is the smallest country in mainland Africa, with an area of 11,295 km² and an estimated population of 1.8 million. Around 10% (1,295 km²) of land in the region is under water, and the countries’ terrain consists of the floodplain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills. The country hosts a variety of ethnic groups, each preserving its own culture and identifying itself as indigenous; the majority of people are Mandika (42%) followed by Fula (18%), Wolof (16%), Jola (10%) and Serhuli (9%).